What is the relationship between CSRD and CO₂ Performance Ladder 4.0?

In 2024, sustainability can no longer be ignored as a strategic must for businesses. But where some measures were innovative at first, now they are mainstream. Both the market and legislators are trying to respond to this with new ideas and concepts. The same applies for the European Union (EU) and the CO₂ Performance Ladder. The EU announced the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) a little while ago, and a new version (4.0) of the CO₂ Performance Ladder is appearing. Where to start?

Handbook 4.0: how better data monitoring leads to more insight and less CO2

Insight into emissions: a much-cited added value of the CO2 Performance Ladder. But it won't stop there: with Handbook 4.0, we can expect even more insight into the CO2 emitted and energy consumed. From your own organisation, from other certified organisations and from projects. Footprints will be centrally accessible and more comparable, all with the aim of making even more and even smarter CO2 reductions. Members of SKAO’s Central College of Experts (CCoE) Marjan Kloos, representing Bouwend Nederland (Dutch Construction Industry Federation), and Madeleine Nagelkerke, representing Techniek Nederland (Dutch Technical professionals), tell us what to expect.

CO₂ Performance Ladder pilot launches in the UK

The United Kingdom has become the newest country to pilot the CO2 Performance Ladder. Following successful ongoing implementation in the Netherlands and Belgium and pilots in Ireland and France, the Ladder will be used to strengthen the CO2 reduction efforts of UK organisations and governments. Action Sustainability, an award-winning sustainability consultancy, will coordinate the CO2 Performance Ladder pilot in the UK.

BENOR to coordinate the CO₂ Performance Ladder in Belgium

After a successful pilot of the CO₂ Performance in Belgium which was coordinated by CO₂logic, our new partner foundation BENOR will be responsible for further implementation of the Ladder. This kicks off the promising expansion in Belgium. By structurally deploying the Ladder, an average annual 5.5% CO2 reduction is expected. This will significantly contribute to the realisation of the Belgian objectives to emit at least 55% less greenhouse gases by 2030.  

The CO₂ Performance Ladder in Belgium: time for structural implementation

Belgium was the first country after the Netherlands to use the CO₂ Performance Ladder. Between 2019 and 2023, 24 pilot projects in three regions were launched implementing the Ladder. The results of the pilot are positive among both participating companies and contracting authorities, and can be read in the report on this successful pilot period. Now that it’s time to map out the further integration and scaling-up of the system in Belgium, the various actors came together for a roundtable discussion.

IISD released report on monitoring green public procurement

Our partner, the International Institute for Sustainable Development, has released a new insightful report: ‘Monitoring Progress in Green Public Procurement’. The report is developed as part of SKAO’s ongoing collaboration with IISD in the project ‘Accelerating decarbonisation through the power of procurement by disseminating the CO₂ Performance Ladder: implementation and expansion’. This project focuses on promoting and strengthening green public procurement (GPP) internationally.

CO2 Performance Ladder launches pilot in France

The CO2 Performance Ladder is expanding to France, marking the next step in its dissemination across Europe. This expansion follows successful implementation in the Netherlands, Belgium and Ireland. The Ladder's launch in France was heralded on 27 March in Paris at the residence of the Dutch ambassador, in the presence of prominent representatives of the Dutch and French governments.

1500th CO2 Performance Ladder certificate awarded to Fastned

Today, the 1500th certificate for the CO2 Performance Ladder was awarded to European fast-charging company Fastned. With the COPerformance Ladder, organisations reduce their CO2 emissions throughout their operations, projects and in their supply chain.

The award of the 1500th certificate underlines the growing number of organisations committed to CO2 reduction and confirms the effectiveness and relevance of the CO2 Performance Ladder. Organisations of various sizes are certified, from SMEs to listed organisations, and the Ladder is used in a wide range of sectors.

Procura+ Conference training: 'Implementing the CO₂ Performance Ladder'

On 14 March at the Procura+ Conference, our account managers George Thurley and Thijs Wentink will give an in-depth training on implementing the CO₂ Performance Ladder as a European contracting authority. This is a great opportunity for parties present at the conference who want to focus on low-carbon procurement, to learn the ins and outs of the Ladder.

CO₂ Performance Ladder takes center stage at 11th Procura+ Conference

On March 13th and 14th, the 11th edition of the Procura+ Conference, where sustainable, circular and innovation procurement policy meets practice, will take place in Lisbon.

The conference is organised by ICLEI Europe and COPerformance Ladder takes the center stage in the two-day programme as one of the key partners. We are proud of that, because the Procura+ Conference shows cities and public authorities how public procurement can be used to implement changes that can make a big impact.

CO2 Performance Ladder showcased as part of Irish-Dutch collaboration for green procurement

The CO2 Performance Ladder was in the spotlight in Ireland recently as part of an event held at the Dutch Embassy in Dublin focusing on Circular and Sustainable Construction in a Dutch-Irish context.  

DeCarb-Pro: Pioneering Decarbonization in Public Procurement for a Sustainable Europe

In the pursuit of sustainable and environmentally responsible practices, the DeCarb-Pro project emerges as a vital initiative aimed at significantly reducing CO2 emissions resulting from public procurement activities carried out by local authorities (LAs) in North West Europe (NWE). The impact of public procurement on CO2 emissions is striking, with 15% or 230 million tons of CO2 emitted in 2020 attributed to LAs in the NWE region. 

'If you really want to achieve something in terms of sustainability, this is a great tool.'

Sustainability is a catch-all term; an awful lot falls under that umbrella. Where do you start as a company? And how do you do it? 'It is nice that with the CO₂ Performance Ladder there is one clear focus: CO₂ reduction,' explains René van der Boon. He is director of Leertouwer in Barneveld. 

Who do these emissions belong to? Focus on the most impact with Handbook 4.0

From the entry into force of Handbook 4.0 next year, organisations will focus even more on the measures that make the most CO2 impact, even if this means that the organisation then has to look beyond its own operations or even beyond its own value chain.

Creative thinking and collaboration are encouraged and the administrative burden should decrease. ‘That makes it a system that simply helps more in the real world.’ We speak to Harald Versteeg, independent chairman of the Central College of Experts (CCoE), and Gijs Termeer, representative on behalf of Climate Foundation HERE (Klimaatstichting HIER) in the CCoE.

Hydrogen-powered work equipment: does it have a future?

Contractors looking to make their work and construction equipment more sustainable often look first at battery-electric solutions. But hydrogen can also be a good option. In fact, some pioneers are already experimenting with it. Does it have a future? 

Ireland to harness the power of green procurement with the CO2 Performance Ladder

The Irish Green Building Council (IGBC) have launched a pilot of the CO2 Performance Ladder in Ireland. The first tender has been published by Transport Infrastructure Ireland (TII), with other contracting authorities expecting to use the CO2 Performance Ladder over the coming months.


Organisations will reduce more CO2, and faster. But when? And why does creating a new handbook take so much time? CCvD members Charlotte Pars, representative of ProRail, and Tijmen de Groot, project leader and representative of SKAO, answer these and other questions and reveal  some of the substantive changes we can expect.

CO2 Performance Ladder to be implemented in Europe

The Foundation for Climate Friendly Procurement and Business (SKAO), together with the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Utrecht University Centre for Public Procurement (UUCePP) and ICLEI Europe, will support European countries in implementing the CO2 Performance Ladder in Europe over the next two years. This roll-out of the CO2 Performance Ladder is supported by the IKEA Foundation.

Deloitte certified for CO2 Performance Ladder

New to the list of certificate holders: the Dutch branch of consultancy firm Deloitte. Known as one of the big four in the finance industry, this international company also has a lot of knowledge on issues surrounding the climate transition. In conversation with Internal Sustainabilty Lead Mark van Rijn, we get to know the company. 'Climate neutral? We are not yet. But we have picked the low-hanging fruit and we are a very ambitious organisation. So we take on this challenge with good courage.'


SKAO publishes a new harmonisation decision on the emission factor for electricity from biomass.

CE Delft research: the CO2 Performance Ladder a proven tool for CO2 reduction

The CO2 Performance Ladder is an effective tool to help organisations reduce their CO2 emissions. The sustainability tool helps organisations make their CO2 emissions comprehensible and embed reduction measures. The CO2 Performance Ladder offers the most added value to companies and governments with little insight into their CO2 emissions. This is according to research by CE Delft commissioned by the IKEA Foundation.

Launch testimonials: the success of the CO2 Performance Ladder

To support the implementation of the CO2 Performance Ladder across Europe, we present these testimonials from our stakeholders in which they share the valuable lessons learned while successfully implementing the Ladder. Over the last 14 years, the CO2 Performance Ladder has developed into a key Green Public Procurement (GPP) tool and the number one CO2 management system in the Netherlands and Belgium.

IISD: CO2 Performance Ladder feasable for use in Europe

IISD conducted a feasibility study of using the CO2 Performance Ladder as a procurement tool and CO2 management tool in Europe. Compared to other European carbon tools and approaches, the CO2 Performance Ladder stands out for its track record of use in public procurement, its proven carbon mitigation impact, and its third-party verification system.

Invitation: The CO2 Performance Ladder for Low-Carbon Procurement in Denmark

The Foundation for Climate Friendly Procurement and Business (SKAO), and the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) kindly invite you to participate in a focus group discussion, in which we will explore the potential to use the CO2 Performance Ladder as a low-carbon procurement tool in Denmark.

Revised harmonisation decision on renewable fuels in aviation

SKAO publishes a renewed harmonisation decision on renewable fuels in aviation. This harmonisation decision is relevant for certificate holders participating in renewable fuels programmes through which they reduce their aviation emissions. Harmonisation decisions are a further interpretation of certain requirements in Manual 3.1. These are also normative.

Metal recycling and CO2 savings go hand in hand at Riwald Recycling

Riwald Recycling is a pioneer in the recycling of metal products and was recently certified at level 5 of the CO2 Performance Ladder. Sustainability manager Ömer Avci: "In our sector, there are actually only two sustainability certificates that really matter: an ISO certificate and the CO2 Performance Ladder; if you really want to show that you take CO2 reduction seriously.

Rates annual contribution CO2 Performance Ladder for 2023 reduced by 10%

The board of Stichting Klimaatvriendelijk Aanbesteden & Ondernemen (SKAO) has reduced the annual fee for CO2 Performance Ladder certified organisations. The rates for 2023 have been reduced by 10% compared to 2022.

‘The CO2 Performance Ladder has increased awareness of sustainability’

Last year, construction company Eiffage Benelux certified for Level 3 on the CO2 Performance Ladder. With this achievement, Eiffage Benelux is one of the frontrunners in sustainable construction in Belgium.

The start of the CO2 Performance Ladder: 'We had the wind at our backs'.

Founding fathers of the CO₂ Performance Ladder reminisce

Ger van der Wal and Johan van Dalen are in the books as the founding fathers of the CO₂ Performance Ladder. From the initial idea to its elaboration and rollout... They are responsible for allowing the CO₂ Performance Ladder to rapidly grow into a successful sustainability instrument. How did the initial phase of the Ladder go? Ger and Johan (both now happily retired) reminisce.

CO2 Performance Ladder highlighted in World Economic Forum report

A new report explores low-carbon concrete and construction procurement in six leading countries, one of which is the Netherlands, and identifies the CO2 Performance Ladder as a key tool in the Dutch GPP approach.

Rijkswaterstaat sets the market in motion with the CO2 Performance Ladder

The COPerformance Ladder is used by the government's Workplace Environment category of procurement to encourage suppliers to become more sustainable. With success, says category manager Tamara van Vastenhoven: 'we see that we are influencing the market with our purchasing power.'

Harmonisation act validity period of the certificate when advancing to a higher level within 3 months

The Central College of Experts (in Dutch CCvD) has published a new harmonisation act, which is normative from now on. It concerns situations where a certificate holder advances to a higher level, within 3 months of a Ladder assessment. In that case, only the additional requirements have to be assessed.

The harmonisation act can be found on this page and here.

Deutsche Bahn: Solar cells between the railway tracks can generate as much electricity as five nuclear power plants

In Germany, a trial is being launched with solar panels on the sleepers between the tracks. DB and the British company Bankset Energy, which is responsible for the project, call the potential enormous.

SKAO introduces the CO2 Performance Ladder Project Impact Dashboard: PID

Registrations for companies that have obtained projects with award advantage will now be a lot easier. That is the promise of the Project Impact Dashboard, or 'PID' for short, which SKAO is introducing today. Tijmen de Groot, project manager at SKAO and Bastina van Houwelingen, member of the project group representing contractors and also CCvD member, on behalf of the sector associations Cumela and MKB Infra, explain everything we need to know about this registration tool.

Report on measure list CO2 Performance Ladder: Strong increase in the generation of energy and the electrification of mobility and mobile equipment

For companies working with the CO2 Performance Ladder, the energy transition is in full swing. There is a strong increase in the generation of energy and the electrification of mobility and mobile equipment. Measures to switch offices off from gas are also on the rise. This and more can be found in the Report on the 2021 CO2 Performance Ladder Measure List. But whether things are moving fast enough remains to be seen.

SKAO publishes impact report 2021: story behind annual figures

In addition to publishing the annual figures for 2021, SKAO has also published an Impact Report for the first time. This document is intended to provide a picture of the most important projects that SKAO carried out in 2021, with the aim of making the impact of the CO2 Performance Ladder visible. Annemiek Lauwerijssen, manager: 'Figures do not provide information about who is behind all this work, what the impact of the CO2 Performance Ladder is and what developments are taking place. The story behind the figures for 2021 is at least as interesting.'

The new Emissions Trading System ETS and the CO2 Performance Ladder

The Emission Trading System (ETS) has been in place since 2005 for electricity and heat generation, energy-intensive industries and aviation. But as part of the Fit for 55 package, the ETS is getting a major boost. The new EC-ETS proposal strengthens the overall target for the sectors concerned to a 43% reduction in emissions by 2030 (compared to 2005). At the same time, the phase-out of emissions allowances will be accelerated, and from 2027 there will be no free allowances for intra-EU aviation. Shipping to and from the EU will also gradually come to be covered by the system between 2023 and 2026.

The new Energy Efficiency Directive and the CO2 Performance Ladder

The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) has existed since 2012, but as part of the Fit for 55 programme it is being revised, and strengthened.

Power of procurement and the CO2 Performance Ladder mentioned in IPCC report

It's really 1 minute to 12 now. The new IPCC report 'Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change' leaves no room for doubt. The options for halving our emissions in the next eight years are clearly described. It is striking that government purchasing power  is specifically mentioned as one of these options for bringing about change.

The EU sustainable taxonomy and the CO2 Performance Ladder

The purpose of the taxonomy is to establish rules for which economic activities can be considered green - no mean feat. The idea is that it will: make it easier to invest in green activities, shift money to the sustainable economy, minimise greenwashing and increase clarity for all parties.

Webinar: Getting started - The CO2 Performance Ladder for low carbon procurement

The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and the Foundation for Climate Friendly Procurement and Business (SKAO) are pleased to invite you to participate in a virtual event that will showcase a joint project on low-carbon infrastructure procurement.

Gazprom makes way for regional biogas in Dutch municipality of Renkum

A bicycle path made of elephant grass, blue synthetic diesel for the municipal fleet and street lighting with LED lamps. These are measures with which the municipality of Renkum has drastically reduced CO2 emissions. But in the coming years, Renkum will go much further.

The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive and the CO2 Performance Ladder

The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) sets new rules for what and how companies must report on sustainability. It covers not only CO2 but also circularity, biodiversity and the rights of workers in the value chain, among other topics. The CSRD will apply to all large companies and listed SMEs - some 50,000 companies across the EU.

The Fit for 55 package and the CO2 Performance Ladder

The Fit for 55 package is the set of measures designed to meet the EU’s 2030 climate goals. Foremost among them is the target is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% in 2030 (compared to 1990). The package addresses the EU's climate, industrial, energy, transport and taxation policies, setting specific targets for each sector.

The CO2 Performance Ladder and the European Green Deal

In the coming weeks, we will publice a series of articles to explain how the CO2 Performance Ladder can contribute to European climate policy. Today we start with the European Green Deal: we've all heard about it, but what exactly is it?

Europe is ready for the CO2 Performance Ladder

Green public procurement (GPP) is developing rapidly across Europe, and the CO2 Performance Ladder can play a large role in boostin those efforts. These are the results of recent research conducted by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD). Each year, European governments spend €1.8 trillion (14% of EU GDP) buying goods and services from the private sector but there is no requirement to consider the climate in these decisions. Shifting to green public procurement can result in a green revolution among companies and their supply chains, and the CO2 Performance Ladder can help.

Advancing GPP and low carbon procurement in Europe: Insights

Public procurement provides a key entry point for governments to change the trajectory of their greenhouse gas emissions, and to meet climate goals in line with their international commitments to the Paris Agreement, the Sustainable Development Goals, and - in Europe - to the European Green Deal. In the coming years, it is therefore essential that public procurement, which accounts for 15% of carbon emissions globally, becomes a driver of innovation and commercialization of low-carbon infrastructure, goods, and services. By Laura Turley, Liesbeth Casier and Ronja Bechauf from IISD. Read the original article here.

Annual contribution rates for the CO2 Performance Ladder reduced again

The board of The Foundation for Climate Friendly Procurement and Business (SKAO) has reduced the annual contribution for CO2 Performance Ladder certified organisations. The rates for 2022 have been reduced by about 5% compared to 2021. The new rates will come into effect on 1 March 2022. Organisations that have already met their financial obligations for the year 2022 will receive a refund of the excess amount paid.